Wild Turkeys are native to Canada, but disappeared in the early 1900's due to over-hunting and deforestation.
In the 1980's Wild Turkeys from the northern US were introduced into southern Ontario. It is hard to find accounts of this that agree with regards to numbers, but I remember hearing that survival was not good until they used canon nets to catch whole flocks, so that the Turkeys were relocated with their social structure intact.
We heard an account of an introduction to eastern Ontario in the 1990's that was rather more natural, though I can't find a written account of it. Apparently they played Turkey calls across the ice of the St. Lawrence River, and the flocks walked across from New York to Ontario.
The jury is still out on whether the reintroduction will be good for biodiversity, as Wild Turkeys are known to eat salamanders, frogs, and snakes, and disturb forest ground cover by scratching to feed. This will be a task for long term monitoring....
Canada Geese are large birds, but they usually blend into a field. Sometimes I only notice them just as I whisk past on the highway - black necks with white cheeks raised up from a corn stubble field - but Wild Turkeys are much larger and darker. Like grazing cattle or deer, these giant birds become a prominent part of their scene, and I find myself marvelling at them - modern dinosaurs, come to wander in foraging herds in our ordinary landscape.
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